There are many different types of scalp fungus, but the most common is tinea capitis, which is a type of ringworm. Ringworm is a fungus that can cause a red, itchy, and scaly rash on the scalp. Other symptoms of scalp fungus include hair loss, dandruff, and a feeling of tightness or burning on the scalp.
Scalp fungus is a very common condition, and it can be treated with various over-the-counter and prescription medications. However, it is important to see a doctor if you think you have scalp fungus because the condition can sometimes be difficult to treat and may require prescription-strength medications.
In this article, we will discuss six main topics regarding different aspects of the identification and treatment of scalp fungus as follows.
1. Causes of scalp fungus
The causes of scalp fungus are numerous and can include anything from a weakened immune system to a lack of hygiene. Fungi can thrive in warm, moist environments, so the scalp is a common location for fungal overgrowth. Other factors contributing to scalp fungus include exposure to chemicals, hair products, and sweat.
2. Symptoms of scalp fungus
You should be aware of a few key symptoms of scalp fungus. The first is a sensation of itchiness on the scalp. If you experience this, it’s important to take a closer look at your scalp to see if you can spot any other signs of fungus. Other symptoms of scalp fungus include:
- Reddish patches on the scalp
- White or yellow patches on the scalp
- Scalp scaling
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s likely that you have a scalp fungus, and you should consult a doctor for treatment.
3. Diagnosing scalp fungus
There are a few ways to diagnose scalp fungus. One is to take a scraping of the affected area and look at it under a microscope. Another is to do a culture of the fungus. If you suspect scalp fungus, you should see a doctor to get a proper diagnosis.
4. Treating scalp fungus
There are a few different methods that can be used to treat scalp fungus. The most common treatment is an antifungal shampoo, which can be purchased over the counter or prescribed by a doctor. If the fungus is more severe, a doctor may prescribe an oral antifungal medication. Sometimes, a doctor may also prescribe a topical steroid to help reduce inflammation.
In some cases, when a patient is diagnosed with a scalp fungus, their physician may prescribe an antifungal medication such as Nystatin.
Nystatin is an antifungal medication used to treat a variety of fungal infections. It is taken by mouth, applied to the skin, or injected. Nystatin is available as a tablet, capsule, liquid, or powder. It is not effective against bacteria or viruses. It is used to treat:
- Oral thrush, a fungal infection in the mouth;
- Candidiasis, a fungal infection of the skin, vagina, or rectum; and
- Esophageal candidiasis, a fungal infection of the esophagus.
Nystatin is also used to prevent candidiasis in people who are receiving radiation therapy or who have had a stem cell transplant.
Although this medication is available in a topical cream or ointment form, it can be messy and difficult to apply. A compounding pharmacy can prepare a compounded Nystatin shampoo that is easy to apply and has a refreshing mint fragrance.
While compounding the Nystatin shampoo, Chaparral Pharmacy adds other ingredients that will enhance the function and the delivery of the Nystatin to the scalp fungus.
5. Preventing scalp fungus
There are a few different ways to prevent scalp fungus:
- The most important is to keep the scalp clean and dry. This can be done by washing the scalp regularly with a medicated shampoo, such as Head and Shoulders, and by drying the scalp thoroughly after washing.
- In addition, keep the hair clean and free of products that may contribute to fungus growth. Products such as hair oils, sprays, and gels can all build fungus on the scalp. Try to avoid using these products whenever possible.
- Finally, keep the hair trimmed short. This will help to keep the scalp dry and free of oils and products.
6. Home remedies for scalp fungus
There are a variety of home remedies for scalp fungus that can be effective in treating the condition.
One popular remedy is using apple cider vinegar (ACV) to kill the fungus and restore the scalp’s pH balance. ACV can be diluted with water and applied to the scalp with a cotton ball, or it can be added to a shampoo or conditioner.
Another popular remedy is using tea tree oil, which has anti-fungal properties. Tea tree oil can be applied to the scalp directly or added to a shampoo or conditioner.
Another common remedy is using garlic to kill the fungus. Garlic can be crushed and applied to the scalp or added to a shampoo or conditioner.
Finally, a common remedy is using coconut oil to kill the fungus and moisturize the scalp. Coconut oil can be applied directly to the scalp or added to a shampoo or conditioner.
It should be noted that home remedies are not as capable or effective as specialized anti-fungal medicinal agents, especially those prescribed by a physician.